Haitian Revolution, 1791 - Bilingual


In 1789, Vincent Ogé, a wealthy free man of color from Saint-Domingue (Haiti), was in Paris for business matters. There, Ogé witnessed the break out of the French Revolution and hoped it would emancipate basic rights (right to vote) to free people of color. When he returned to Saint-Domingue in 1790, he hoped to vote in the upcoming colonial elections. However, free men of color were denied of doing so. Ogé was decided to gain the same rights as white men: he gathered a group of 300 free men of color and rebelled against the local government. Eventually, Ogé and his men were captured and executed in Le Cap in February 1791. He became a symbol of injustices of colonial slave societies and his death sparked a desire for change for all the non-whites of Saint-Domingue.

In August 1791, thousands of slaves secretly gathered at Bois Caïman to attend a religious voodoo ceremony. From this ceremony emerged the idea for a widespread revolt: the Haitian Revolution. The committee will begin as the end of the voodoo ceremony. Delegates will represent clan leaders and other influential people of the time. Together, they will have to find consensuses on different matters: racial equality (pursuing the abolition of slavery), emancipation of their rights and their colonial autonomy (self-governance or total independence). Of course, all of these negotiations and the events happening could be subject to external action/threat/decision coming from France, and potentially other actors.

Email: haiti1791@ssuns.org


Your Dais:


Mathias Avezou - Chair


Michael Black - Vice Chair


Gabriel Ahmad - Crisis Director


Claire Waldie - Assistant Crisis Director